Doughnut Economics Action Lab

Doughnut Economics recognises that human behaviour can be nurtured to be cooperative and caring, just as it can be competitive and individualistic. It also recognises that economies, societies, and the rest of the living world, are complex, interdependent systems that are best understood through the lens of systems thinking. And it calls for turning today’s degenerative economies into regenerative ones, and divisive economies into far more distributive ones. Lastly, Doughnut Economics recognises that growth is a healthy phase of life but nothing grows forever and things that succeed do so by growing until it is time to grow up and thrive instead.

A Doughnut Economy has:

1. A social foundation – to ensure that no one is left falling short on life’s essentials.

2. An ecological ceiling – to ensure that humanity does not collectively overshoot planetary boundaries.

Between these two boundaries lies a doughnut-shaped space that is both ecologically safe and socially just – a space in which humanity can thrive.

The Doughnut of social and planetary boundaries Artwork by Natalie Horberg Based on the original by Kate Raworth and Christian Guthier This tool is licensed under a Creative Commons BY SA 4.0 license